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Vacuum Conveyors

A reliable source for Vacuum Conveyors information and leading Vacuum Conveyors Companies & Manufacturers.

Vacuum conveyors are a subcategory of pneumatic conveying systems. In simpler terms, vacuum conveyors use a pressure difference to cause materials to move from one end to the other. Read More…

Vacuum Conveyors A vacuum conveyor is a pneumatic conveyor system used to move objects in industrial and commercial settings.
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Leading Manufacturers

Belleville,NJ  |  800-822-8629

VAC-U-MAX is a premier custom pneumatic conveyors manufacturer of support equipment for conveying, batching and weighing materials. With our system your company’s product can move gently and quickly from point to point, with nothing in the way to impede the efficiency of its movement. Contact VAC-U-MAX today so they can find the perfect product for you.

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VAC-U-MAX $$$

Monroe, NC  |  704-246-0900

Spiroflow Systems has more than 40 years of experience in the design, manufacture & installation of bulk material handling equipment & systems. Product innovation & a thorough understanding of customers’ needs & objectives keep Spiroflow at the forefront of the industry.

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Spiroflow Systems, Inc. $$$

Bristol, PA  |  609-265-0101

Volkmann designs and manufactures hygienic, explosion-proof pneumatic vacuum conveying systems to safely transfer powders, pellets, granules, tablets, and other bulk materials from one point in a process to another while safeguarding particle integrity and mixture homogeneity. Proven worldwide in transferring foods, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and more, the automated conveyors feature patented vacuum technology that eliminates the potential for ignition even when transferring ignitable, fine particles and combustible dusts.

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VOLKMANN, Inc. $$$

St. Paul,MN  |  651-484-2900

Dynamic Air custom designs and manufactures a complete line of pneumatic conveying systems for dry bulk granular materials. Dynamic Air offers 16 different pneumatic conveying concepts, utilizing both pressure and vacuum, for handling a wide variety of dry bulk solids to provide a conveying solution that fits the process perfectly. Each system has its own unique set of operating characteristics for pressure, conveying line velocity, efficiency and performance.

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Dynamic Air Inc. $$$

Big Lake,MN  |  763-262-1200

Since 1946, Whirl-Air-Flow has been a leader in design, fabrication and service. Our pneumatic conveyors transport powders and dry granulars to one or more destination points. Our products serve a range of industries and are able to move flowable material. We have our own testing facility and also we provide customers with field support and services.

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Whirl-Air-Flow Corporation $$$

Turnersville,NJ  |  856-728-6400

IEDCO is a leading designer and manufacturer of powder and tablet handling devices in the form of pneumatic design vacuum conveyors. We also make other systems—bulk handling equipment, process control systems, powder feeders, drum handling systems and more. For a quote, or to simply learn more about what we can do for you, contact IEDCO today!

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IEDCO - Industrial Equipment & Design Company $$$
placeholder image VAC-U-MAX Spiroflow Systems, Inc. VOLKMANN, Inc. Dynamic Air Inc. Whirl-Air-Flow Corporation IEDCO - Industrial Equipment & Design Company

The pressure difference is caused by a vacuum where material will be pulled to the negative pressure end of one or many inlets. This principle works best with dry, fine powder, or bulks since they can be caught easily by the airstream from the conveyor.

The advantage of using negative pressure instead of positive pressure systems is double. First, it avoids an excess of dust, In addition, it also causes any leaks to leak inwards thereby avoiding material losses. Vacuum conveyors are perfect for large applications, where bulk materials enter the conveyor from bags, silos, railcars, and other usually dusty containers. They are characteristically self-cleaning and have a smaller footprint than other conventional conveyor options. Their installation is easy and they are energy efficient.

Specifications and Considerations

This list contains the most simple and typical specifications required:

Flow Rate, Distance, and Bulk Density

The required distance, rate of product movement, and a product’s density must be understood. Vacuum conveyors are essentially based on what they’re conveying. Hence, these values will be important in determining the proper pipe length, diameter, number of outlets/inlets, and the type of vacuum conveyor to be used.

Conveyor Features and Protection

Where is the upstream process system located? Also, is the system conducted continuously or in batches? Finally, what is the particle size and what vents, filters, and fans will be needed to address this product type? These specifications won’t only influence the conveyor design but address key considerations related to the large application at hand.

Control, Environment and Special Considerations

Vacuum conveyors, especially the dense-phase type, are good extras to automated and control- oriented systems. If this is required for an application, the right equipment must be included in the design. Also, the working environment must be examined including potential hazards like high alkalinity, humidity, cold/heat, or anything else which may compromise material integrity of a conveyor system.

Types of Vacuum Conveyors

There are some significant types of vacuum conveyors which should be understood prior to specifying a vacuum system.

Dilute Phase Vacuum Conveyors

The dilute phase vacuum conveyor uses a high velocity air stream at low pressure to fluidize the product continuously. Dilute vacuum conveyors are often applied for materials which tend to not pack under pressure and for longer distances.

dilute phase

The high-speed movement puts more force on the product, so fragile material is not usually carried in these systems. A dilute phase vacuum conveyor is especially convenient in hazardous applications. Since the vacuum reduces exposure to toxicity, they are important additions to chemical plants, food processors, agriculture, and other industries.

Dense Phase Vacuum Conveyors

Dense phase conveyors are operated using a controlled vacuum and a low speed, creating slow-moving, discrete packets of product through the system. The aim of making a slow, dense phase is to avoid excess stress that enables these conveyors to transport fragile materials while still utilizing a pneumatic system.

dense phase

They also avoid excess buildup in the tubes since each product mound can be bookended with adequate space so that no two mounds make contact. This setup moves heavier materials as well, making them applicable in high volume applications. While slow compared to the dilute phase conveyor, the dense phase conveyor gently conveys products and is perfect for well-regulated and automated applications. They find use in heavy bulk transportation and abrasives, plastic manufacturing, and more fragile applications.

Vacuum Belt Conveyor

Though not technically a negative pressure-enclosed system, a vacuum belt conveyor will show up while searching into vacuum conveyor systems so it’s important to know about them. These systems work similarly with belt conveyors. They have perforated holes connected to a vacuum that causes suction between any product on the belt and the belt itself.

vacuum belt conveyor

This makes the vacuum belt conveyor system more adaptable since it can now move throughout higher inclines because of the added gripping vacuum power. Vacuum belts are mainly useful when transporting light materials like cardboard boxes and may be found in numerous industries since they can easily replace conventional belt conveyors. Other common uses of a vacuum belt conveyor are in elevators for light or small products, assembly lines, or any applications which utilize a conventional belt conveyor.

Applications of Vacuum Conveyors

Vacuum conveyors are found in a number of industries, from pharmaceuticals and healthcare to metalworking and manufacturing. Within these and more industries, vacuum conveyors are beneficial for many particular applications, including:

  • Inspection
  • Precision part movement
  • Small part positioning and handling
  • Work holding
  • Part and package outfeed and infeed
  • Printing
  • Automated assembly
  • Manual assembly

Vacuum Conveyors Informational Video

 

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